Montefiore, Sir Moses

   Born in Italy and died in England, he was a major benefactor of early Zionist settlement of Palestine. A member of a wealthy Sephardic (see ORIENTAL JEWS) family, he was brought to England in infancy and rose to become one of London's most successful financiers. He served as president of the influential board of deputies of British Jews from 1835 to 1874. During a visit to Palestine in 1839, he sponsored the first census taken of the Jewish population there since biblical times. In 1849, he established a small textile plant in Jerusalem, and in 1854, he initiated a fund-raising drive for the relief of the victims of a famine in Palestine. In 1855, he purchased land near Jaffa that ultimately became the first Jewish orange orchard in Palestine. He established Mishkenot Sha'ananim, the first Jewish residential community outside the walls of Jerusalem's old city. A fund established by Montefiore to mark his 90th birthday (in 1874) was instrumental in facilitating the establishment of early Hoveve Zion agricultural settlements in Palestine.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • MONTEFIORE, SIR MOSES — (1784–1885), most famous Anglo Jew of the 19th century. Montefiore was born in Leghorn while his parents were on a visit from London, where he was brought up, being taught elementary Hebrew by his maternal uncle Moses mocatta . First apprenticed… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Montefiore, Sir Moses — (1784–1885)    Anglo Jewish leader. In the Victorian era, Europeans in distress would turn to powerful, democratic and liberal England. For persecuted Jews, there was a further reason for doing so, in the person of Sir Moses Montefiore, the… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • MONTEFIORE, SIR MOSES —    a philanthropic Jewish banker, born in Leghorn; a friend to the emancipation not only of the oppressed among his own race, but of the slave in all lands; lived to a great age (1784 1885) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Montefiore, Sir Moses, Baronet — ▪ British philanthropist born Oct. 24, 1784, Livorno, Italy died July 28, 1885, near Ramsgate, Kent, Eng.       outstanding Jewish philanthropist.       Scion of an old Italian Jewish merchant family, Montefiore was taken to England as an infant …   Universalium

  • Sir Moses Montefiore Home — The Sir Moses Montefiore Jewish Home provides residential elderly care facilities in Hunters Hill and Woollahra with a further facility being constructed in Randwick. The home is named after Sir Moses Haim Montefiore.The home seeks to enhance the …   Wikipedia

  • MONTEFIORE, SEBAG-MONTEFIORE — MONTEFIORE, SEBAG MONTEFIORE, English family originating from Leghorn, Italy. (See Chart: Montefiore Family 1, 2, and 3). The first to come to England were the brothers MOSES VITA (1712–1789), who set up successfully as an importer of Italian… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Montefiore — Montefiōre, Sir Moses, Bankier in London, geb. 24. Okt. 1784 in Livorno, bekannt durch aufopfernde und erfolgreiche Vertretung seiner israel. Glaubensgenossen in Palästina, Rußland etc., 1846 Baronet, gest. 28. Juli 1885 in Ramsgate …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Moses Montefiore — For other uses, see Montefiore (disambiguation). Sir Moses H. Montefiore Sir Moses Haim Montefiore, 1st Baronet, Kt (24 October 1784 28 July 1885) was one of the most famous British Jews of the 19th century. Montefiore was a financier, banker,… …   Wikipedia

  • Moses Montefiore — Moïse Montefiore Pour les articles homonymes, voir Montefiore. Sir Moses Haïm Montefiore (Livourne, 24 octobre 1784 – Ramsgate, 28 juillet 1885), fut l un des plus célèbres juifs anglais du XIXe siècle, à l instar de Benjamin Disraeli.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Moses Montefiore — an seinem 100. Geburtstag, 1884 Sir Moses Montefiore (auch: Montefiori) (* 24. Oktober 1784 in Livorno, Italien; † 28. Juli 1885 in Ramsgate, Kent) war ein britischer Unternehmer und sephardisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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